There are many cases in history when colonialists who are developing new lands introduced their own flavour to the local culture. So often appeared new traditions, customs, laws. Do not become an exception and sports that spread like viruses. In some cases, there is a full-scale dispersion – take, for example, the same football, which is played today even in the most remote corners of the planet. And in some cases, the distribution is point-like, and clearly reflects the boundaries of the cultural influence of the monopoly on their colonies. An extremely illustrative example in this sense is cricket – an internationally recognized sport, which is played professionally in the territory of the former British Empire only.
The first reports of the existence of cricket belong to the XIII century. The county of Kent is considered the birthplace of peasant entertainment, but the game quickly spread to the surrounding areas. However, cricket flourished in England in the 18th century. It was then that the first cricket club in the world was founded in Hampshire. A little later, the entertainment reached London as well, and the townspeople enthusiastically began to sort things out on the grassy lawns. At the same time, the British Empire was rapidly expanding. Expansion into the countries of Africa, Asia, and the Pacific region required strength, funds, and most importantly people who travelled to the outskirts of the world for easy money. Someone was simply sent to distant countries, for example, to hard labour. In any case, the result was the same – more and more people familiar with cricket appeared in the British colonies. Homesickness and sporting interest forced immigrants to recall the rules of a simple game, which is also completely unpretentious: to play it is enough to have a bat, a ball, a couple of primitive wooden structures called wickets, and a little open space. Often in poor countries, the game was a great success, gained new popularity, won the hearts of fans and became almost the most popular sport.
Among the countries that accept cricket as a part of own culture was South Africa. Cricket came here with English cricket team in South Africa in 1888–89.
Major R. Yes. In the management of Warton, the English cricket team travelled to South Africa from December 1888 to March 1889. As a former retired officer of British Army in Cape Town and former member of the Western Provincial Cricket Club, Warton went to the country with English first-class players at the invitation of local enthusiastic cricket fans. He is the local representative of the Castle Shipping Line, Sir Donald Curry, the local representative Billy Simkins and William Milton Contact with They completed all preparatory periods. On the other hand, Warton went to England. No longer there Yes. Warton XI included players in the nominees.
- Avery Smith captained the team. The team had five players, who were previously experienced in international games – Bobby Able, Johnny Briggs, Maurice Reid, George Ulyet and Harry Wood. Other players of the team were only number one, and they did not participate in any first-class match before. Harry told the elite team the quality of the weak county.
Two of the participating games played against South Africa’s representative team. In 1897 it was officially decided that these games would be honoured as a memorable test. As a result, the first is known as the inaugural Test match of South Africa. It is noteworthy that no first-class game was organized in the country before 1889. In effect, it became the first first-class game in South Africa.
Test ideas based on team strength. In 1889 the term ‘test cricket’ was completely new. It was used for the first time in the Wisden version that year. Such commemorative status creates controversy. Roland Bowen’s history shows that the quality of the South African game was very low. As a result, not just the Test status; Rather, these two games can not be counted as a first-class game. Also, he mentions that there were no first-class cricket matches in South Africa in 1894 in England. In addition, in 1914 M. J. Lackin first wrote about the history of South African cricket that, according to him, the events of 1889 were notable.
Warranty XI participated in twenty-one games in total. However, only the two memorable Test matches played as first-class cricket. The main reason was that, 17 of the games were held in an inconsistent state. In each case, the hosts team dropped 15 to 22 players against fielding English XI. However, in the last game of that tour, South Africa played 11 players. The game was two days later. A game must be at least three days to achieve first-class status. Many matches were played on the match pitch. The preparation of the general pitch pitches was vulnerable. In the coastal area grass and hard soil are used.
Warranty XI is competing with four South African provincial teams in Eastern Province, Natal, Transvaal and Western Provinces. They also faced the delegation of Cape Town, Durban, Johannesburg, Kimberly, Petermaritzburg and Port Elizabeth City. The English team won all the provincial and city-centric games, while participating in matches with unequal players. However, four of the first six games were surprisingly defeated against Cape Town, Kimberly (twice) and Port Elizabeth. However, in two Tests, the inevitable victory is possible.
In order to bring South Africa to international cricket, the interest of this tour will grow. In those countries, domestic cricket was introduced in that country. Sir Donald Curry, the main sponsor of the tour, was very happy and gave his name followed by the Curry Cup trophy. The trophy was awarded to the South African domestic championship team. For the 1888-89 season, the touring team selects Kimballey when it is said that the Trophy for the most performing team against the English team. When the competition began in full in the 1889-90 season, Kimbrely faced the challenge from Transvaal. South Africa’s team received short-term benefits when Frank Harn entered the country for physical reasons. With successful training in South Africa in the 1890s He represented several Tests on behalf of his. Economically the trip was successful Child did not see his face. Wisden, in this context, commented that there was never such a view nor did it need it. For the first time in Cape Kepe, the English team’s representative tour was its main achievement.
Fifteen players of the Warton XI were in good shape. George Ulyet has already played 22 Test matches against Australia. Unlike him, none of the six players were associated with the county club. Bobby Able, Johnny Briggs, Maurice Reid and Harry Wood have played against Australia. Established as Monty Bowden, Arnold Ferdzil, Frank Harn and Avery Smith County Player.
Cameron Skinner was Comedian. He was kept in the team with the purpose of entertaining and participated in four unequal fighting games. He did not participate in any first-class match. Even Major Warton did not participate in any sport. He took part in the final game to fill the gap. James Roberts occasionally participated in the game. After attending the first unequal fight, father’s death was forced to return home after the news. As a result, Uillett was replaced by him. In 1892, Robert Middlesex participated in a first-class play.
Charles Coventry, Basil Griv and Emil McMaster – everyone plays against South Africa. As a result, they did not take part in any first-class match, despite being a Test player. Coventry played at Worcestershire and later in 1886 in Minor County. Also, some local and unknown teams played in the team. Grew and Macmaster were former students of Harrow School. Both of them played for the school team in the 1870s. However, he did not have any record of what he had played in any other team other than Warton XI. In 1892, participated in less important cricket matches in a team called Nir-Du-Wales.
The following is the age of the player, type of batting, the type of bowling and the involvement of the county championship team at the time of the tour.
South Africa (abbreviated as South Africa) is a state in southern Africa. In the north it borders with Namibia, Botswana and Zimbabwe, in the northeast with Mozambique and Swaziland. Inside the territory of South Africa there is a state enclave of Lesotho.
South Africa is one of the most nationally diverse countries in Africa and has the largest proportion of white, Asian and mixed populations on the continent. The country has rich mineral resources, and is also the most economically developed in Africa and has relatively strong global positions. The only African country in the G20.
The most important point in the history and politics of South Africa was the racial conflict between the black majority and the white minority. It reached its climax after the apartheid regime was established in 1948, which existed until the 1990s. The initiator of the introduction of discriminatory laws was the National Party (in the USSR it was called the Nationalist). This policy led to a long and bloody struggle in which black activists, such as Steve Biko, Desmond Tutu and Nelson Mandela, played a leading role. Later they were joined by many white and coloured (descendants of a mixed population), as well as South Africans of Indian origin. Pressure from the international community also played a role in the collapse of apartheid. As a result, the change of the political system occurred relatively peacefully: South Africa is one of the few countries in Africa where a coup has never been accomplished.
New South Africa is often called the Rainbow Country, a term coined by Archbishop Desmond Tutu (and supported by Nelson Mandela) as a metaphor for a new, multicultural and multi-ethnic society that overcomes divisions that go back to the era of apartheid.
At the time of apartheid in South Africa, members of the African National Congress used the word “Azania” to designate their country as an alternative to the official name unacceptable for them.